Aš is the westernmost town in the Czech Republic. The town is situated in the Elster Mountains, in the northwesternmost area of the historic Bohemia region close to the border withGermany. With the neighbouring municipalities Hranice, Krásná, Podhradí and Hazlov in the south it forms Aš Land (Ašský výběžek or Ašsko), a panhandle area surrounded by German territory in the east, north and west. This area, located north of the historic Egerland, is also referred to as Bohemian Vogtland.
Previously uninhabited hills and swamps, the town of Asch was founded in the early 11th century by German colonists descending from the Bavarian march of the Nordgau in the course of the Ostsiedlung. So far, previous Slavic settlements in the area are not known.
The town of Aš abounds in a beautiful scenery. Visitors can visit the surroundings of the aforementioned observation tower which is located on the top of the Háj Hill, Goethe´s Rock and many other natural beautiful places.
In Aš, you can also find a few sights. One of them is, for instance, the Statue of Martin Luther, the only one in the Czech Republic. Another statue to be found in Aš is the Statue of Johann Wolfgang Goethe which is now being restored. The statue is going to be installed back in its place at Goethe Square in 2014. The town also has its own ethnographic and textile museum with a landscaped garden.