Bruntál

Bruntál  is a town located near the western boundary of the Moravian-Silesian Region, in Czech Silesia. Bruntál is situated between the Hrubý Jeseník mountains and the rolling hills of the Nízký Jeseník mountains. The town lies in a valley surrounded by several hills (Uhlířský vrch, 672 m (2,205 ft); Vodárenský vrch, 599 m (1,965 ft); Zadní Zelený vrch, 563 m (1,847 ft); Kozinec, 639 m (2,096 ft)). The Black Creek (Černý potok) with its tributaries, the Oak Creek (Bukový potok), the Mare Creek (Kobylí potok), and the Waterworks Creek (Vodárenský potok), run through Bruntál.

The town itself, from the institutional point of view probably the oldest in the Czech Republic, is mentioned for the first time in 1223 in the so called Uničovská listina by the king Přemysl Otakar I. This document implies that Bruntál was established in around 1213 as the first ever settlement with the Magdeburgian municipal law in the Czech lands. This fact was reflected in its privileged position. Until 1352 Bruntál was the court of appeal for all towns within the Magdeburgian municipal law in Moravia, including the king’s towns Olomouc and Opava. The reason for its foundation was the effort of the Premyslid dynasty to secure this, at that time, uninhabited part of the Jeseníky with its ore richness.