Český Krumlov is a small city in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic where Český Krumlov Castle is located. Old Český Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district.
The city is named Český Krumlov („Bohemian Crumlaw“) to differentiate it from Moravský Krumlov in South Moravia.
According to legend, the name Krumlov is derived from the German „Krumme Aue“, which may be translated as „crooked meadow“. The name comes from the natural topography of the town, specifically from the tightly crooked meander of the Vltava river. The word „Český“ simply means Czech, or Bohemian (actually one and the same), as opposed to Moravian or Silesian. In Latin documents it was called Crumlovia or Crumlovium. The town was first mentioned in documents from 1253, where Krumlov was called Chrumbonowe.
The town owes its unique beauty largely to the natural conditions in which it is set. It was built in a meander of the Vltava River, above which there are two hills looming. They presented an ideal base for the architectural landmarks of the town – the castle and the church. The relationships and the symbolical meanings which unfold in this inhabited countryside are the main source of the atmosphere of the place and they can be perceived while observing the town from a distance as well as in the streets of the town.