Jeseník

Jeseník is a town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic, the administrative capital of Jeseník District. The town is located in the historic Czech Silesia region on the Bělá River, a tributary of the Nysa Kłodzka. It is situated within the Hrubý Jeseník mountain range, north of the Praděd peak. In the west are the foothills of the Golden Mountains.

The first mention of the location on the site of today Jeseník dates from 1267, when the Latin sourcing cites as Vriwald (later Vrowald, Vrienwalde, Freynwalde), a place devoid of forest. Between 1284 and 1295 Jesenik became a city. One reason was the strategic location at the confluence of rivers Staříč and Bělá. This place later in 1284 guarded by the local castle belonging to Bohn bishop.

On November 25, 1931, the local Communist party organised a hunger march of around 1,000 unemployed stoneworkers (‚Steinklopfer‘) to Freiwaldau. The police chief at Setzdorf instructed his men to prevent the demonstration from reaching the town. The police forced the marchers to take an alternative route through the forest. The police soon caught up with them at Nieder-Lindewiese, and a clash ensued during which the marchers threw sticks, stones and other objects at the gendarmes. After two stones hit the commander of the unit, First Lieutenant Oldřich Jirkovský, on the forehead, gave his men the order to fire on the crowd. As a result, ten people, including six women – among them a 60-year-old woman and a 14-year-old girl – were killed and fifteen men and women seriously injured and taken to the hospital in Freiwaldau.