Kralupy nad Vltavou is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. The town lies on the Vltava River some 25 km (16 mi) north of Prague, the capital of both the Czech Republic and the Central Bohemian Region. The town is part of the Prague metropolitan area. It consists of the following neighbourhoods: Kralupy, Lobeč, Lobeček, Minice, Mikovice, Zeměchy. These neighbourhoods were separate villages before the creation of the town at the beginning of the 20th century.
Numerous evidence of the human presence in various archaeological cultures were found in the area of the old Kralupy – at least from the Neolithic Period, i.e. the early Stone Age. The name Kralupy /derived probably from the words “koru lúpati” (bark-peeling), i.e. to peel bark to get ooze for tanning fell/ is mentioned in the founding charter of the Břevnov Monastery claiming to come from 993, which is however a so called “modern counterfeit“ from 13th century.
The modifier „nad Vltavou“ distinguishes this city from German Kralup near Chomutov, village extinct in 1976 due to coal mining and Kralup at Saaz, the village disappeared in the Middle Ages.