Litomyšl ) is a town and municipality in the Pardubice Region. Litomyšl is located 136 kilometres (85 mi) east of Prague.

The East Bohemian town of Litomysl emerged in the 13th century on the site of an older fortified settlement on the Trstenice path – an important trading route linking Bohemia and Moravia.

During the Second World War the city’s Jewish community was liquidated. The post-war evacuation of the German population changed the ethnic makeup in particular of the outlying villages. The events of February 1948 („Victorious February“ – communist takeover [translator’s note]) passed without great reverberations; public opinion was not agitated until the trial of the rector of the Piarist College F. A. Stríteský and others in 1950. Since 1960 Litomysl has been part of the Svitavy district.

Today’s Litomysl is a city that is aware of its rich history and traditions, and is able to make use of these in order to develop further. There are a large number of valuable monuments, but attempts are being made to provide high-quality modern architecture. A „small-town“ character is preserved, and offers the opportunity to discover at least traces of the spirit of the period of National Revival. A rich cultural and social life is developing, as is industry, business and the economy; inhabitants and visitors alike are offered a rich variety of sporting opportunities (sports arena).