Mariánské lázně is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. The town, surrounded by green mountains, is a mosaic of parks and noble houses.
Most of its buildings come from the town’s Golden Era in the second half of the 19th century, when many celebrities and top European rulers came to enjoy the curative carbon dioxide springs.
Mariánské Lázně is the second largest Czech spa town with a wealth of mineral springs. Within the town itself approximately 40 springs rise and in the town’s close surroundings there can be found nearly 100 more springs. The area of the present spa was originally owned by the Premonstratensian Monastery in Teplá and the Abbot Karel Kašpar Reitenberger pushed through the idea with the monastery doctor Johann Josef Nehr to build the first spa at the beginning of the 19th century.
The beginning of the 20th century is the golden age of Marianske Lazne. The name of the city was known in the whole Western world. In the spa season one could meet famous noblemen, artists and businessmen.
Marianske Lazne was the favourite spa of the British King Edward VII. He visited the city nine times in total. In 1904 Edward VII. met here with the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef I. Marianske Lazne became an important politacal, social and cultural centre of Europe.