Uničov is a town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It is located in the historic Moravia region between the Plain of Hanakia and the Eastern Sudetes, about 22 km (14 mi) northwest of Olomouc.
Unicov town was established round 1213 by Vladislav Jindrich, a Moravian margrave. It was approved by his brother, King Premysl Otakar I, in 1223. Unicov town owns the oldest town document in the whole area of Bohemia and Moravia. A number of town privileges was extended by a sovereign in 1234. They received for example a hanging, mile and mining right.
The municipality comprises the villages Benkov, Brníčko, Dětřichov, Dolní Sukolom, Horní Sukolom, Nová Dědina, Renoty, and Střelice. The main commercial activity of Uničov nowadays takes place at the engineering-metallurgical complex UNEX.
The face of the town has been remarkably changed recently. There is a lot of sights, a few of them are preserved. The Curch of the Ascension of Virgin Mary, the town walls with Medelska Gate, The Holy Virgin Statue on the square in front fo the Town Hall, which is one of the most beautiful Renaissance buildings in Unicov, are the most attractive for the visitors of the town. Sporty tourists will be surprised by growing number of cykling roads, by tennis courts and by modern swimming-pool.