Ústí nad Orlicí is a city in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region in Eastern Bohemia in the Czech Republic. The town is in the Orlické Mountains where the Tichá Orlice and the Třebovka rivers meet.
Ústí nad Orlicí was first called Wilhelmswert and was part of the Herrschaft Landskron. Wildenschwert was founded 1241 by Wilhelm von Dürnholz. In 1292 the Bohemian King Wenzel II. gifted the town to the Cistercian monks at Königsaal. They passed the town to the Leitomischl bishopric in 1358. After the Hussite Rebellion, when the churches influence was eclipsed, the town was owned by the Kostka von Postupice, the von Pernstein and the Hrzan von Harras families. Wildenschwert was first referred to as a town in 1544. Wildenschwert was a German-speaking town in Austro-Hungary until it was allocated to Czechoslovakia in 1918 at the conclusion of the World War I.
The vast majority of the population used to live on agriculture and domestic weaving crafts. The expansion of the textile industry and the engineering production came in the middle of the 19th century in relation with construction of the railway from Olomouc to Prague. These factors influenced life of the town so much that the town became to be called the East Bohemian Manchester.
The town of Ústí nad Orlicí has also an important cultural tradition brought by great musical personalities. Among all of them, we can name Jaroslav Kocian (a violin virtuoso) and Bohuš Heran (a violoncellist) whose legacy is annually during the international music competitions. The town has one of the oldest choirs in Central Europe, Cecil’s Music Association. Other significant traditions include painting and building of Christmas cribs whose origins could be found far back in the 18th century.