Vlašim is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is situated on the Blanice river, 70 kilometers south-east from the capital, Prague.

Archaeological findings prove the existence of settlements already before 30 thousand years BC. In the period before two thousand years BC there were the Celts and in about 500 years later the Germans, followed by Slavs. Fortress was built here in 1318 by Hynek of Vlašim. The oldest historical buildings are found around Hus square and Žižka square.

The most significant engineering factory in Vlašim is Sellier & Bellot, manufacturing ammunition. Packaging machinery companies are also successful world wide and employ local people. In 2010, unemployment increased to 6.69 as a result of the recession, which decreased the demand for exported products.