Vrchlbí is a town in northern part of Hradec Králové Region, in the roots of the Krkonoše  Mountains. Town is in the valley of river Elbe (Labe).

First settlement called Wrchlab is in the territory of the town probably before the year 1300 of the English accompanied by a written source of 1359, later (in 1365) the German village Goswinsdorf, named according to its founder, locator Goswina, later called Giesdorf. Perhaps before the year 1241 so called „Vrchlabi provost residence“ with monastery called „Virgin Mary Cell “ – a branch of Benedictine monastery was near Klášterská Lhota.

Most important figure in history of city is undoubtedly Christopher Gendorf of Gendorf, Corinthian mining expert and the Royal Councillor. He purchased Vrchlabi in 1533 from Tetaur for 1750 threescores of Czech groschens and he earned about the promotion of village to the city on the 6th October 1533. Since then, the city boasts by crest character privilege of two annual markets. Gendorf of Vrchlabi undoubtedly created one of the most important centres of iron, the most productive in the Czech lands.

The town was a centre of metallurgy in the 15th century. In the 16th century textile was produced in the town. Manufacturing of organs was introduced into the town by the Tauchmann family. In 1876, winter sports started to develop in the region. An promoter of skiing was Guido Rotter, a local factory owner and the president of Austrian Ski Federation (ÖSV). Nowadays, winter sports are one of the most profitable segments of the town econimics, along with the tourist industry and car industry which is represented by the Škoda Auto factory.